Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Iran inaugurate international railway

Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Iran inaugurate international railway

President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and President of the Islamic...

On the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child Turkmenistan reaffirms a commitment to safeguard its children

On the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child Turkmenistan reaffirms a commitment to safeguard its children

“Wellbeing of children is a top priority for the Government of Turkmenistan. With signing the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC),...

International conference in Turkmenistan calls for inclusion of every child in quality learning

International conference in Turkmenistan calls for inclusion of every child in quality learning

An estimated 1.1 million children with disabilities form a significant proportion of the out-of-school population in Central and Eastern Europe and...

Ashgabat holds Workshop on strategy planning for the UNDAF 2016-2020

Ashgabat holds Workshop on strategy planning for the UNDAF 2016-2020

Seminar on strategy planning for the UN Development Assistance Framework for Turkmenistan (UNDAF) 2016-2020 has been held in Ashgabat on...

Turkmenistan hosts international conference on the  role of transport and transit corridors Transport

Turkmenistan hosts international conference on the role of transport and transit corridors Transport

The role of transport and transit corridors in ensuring international cooperation,  stability and sustainable development will be discussed at a...

"Human Development Report - 2014", published by UNDP shows the growth of the human development index of Turkmenistan

Human development progress in developing countries of Europe & Central Asia has slowed, and the region continues to face significant...

Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian region

Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian region

H.E. Esen Aydogdyev, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Turkmenistan to the UN Office in Geneva today signed a Memorandum of Understanding...

Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

The International Conference on Migration and Statelessness: Identifying Challenges and the Way Forward organized by the Government of...

Turkmen Ambassador presents credentials to Venezuelan Vice President

Turkmen Ambassador presents credentials to Venezuelan Vice President

The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Turkmenistan to Venezuela – with residence in New York – Aksoltan Ataeva presented her...

Turkmen and British scientists work on inclusion of Badkhyz and Koytendag in the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites

Turkmen and British scientists work on inclusion of Badkhyz and Koytendag in the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites

Turkmen biologists and experts of the UK Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) have made joint expeditions to Koytendag and Badkhyz...

  •  Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Iran inaugurate international railway

    Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Iran inaugurate international railway

    Thursday, 04 December 2014 15:04
  • On the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child Turkmenistan reaffirms a commitment to safeguard its children

    On the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child Turkmenistan reaffirms a...

    Thursday, 20 November 2014 22:25
  • International conference in Turkmenistan calls for inclusion of every child in quality learning

    International conference in Turkmenistan calls for inclusion of every child in quality learning

    Wednesday, 12 November 2014 22:04
  • Ashgabat holds Workshop on strategy planning for the UNDAF 2016-2020

    Ashgabat holds Workshop on strategy planning for the UNDAF 2016-2020

    Friday, 12 September 2014 15:34
  • Turkmenistan hosts international conference on the  role of transport and transit corridors Transport

    Turkmenistan hosts international conference on the role of transport and transit corridors...

    Wednesday, 03 September 2014 15:05
  • "Human Development Report - 2014", published by UNDP shows the growth of the human development...

    Thursday, 24 July 2014 20:50
  • Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian region

    Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian region

    Tuesday, 01 July 2014 22:21
  • Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

    Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

    Monday, 23 June 2014 17:30
  • Turkmen Ambassador presents credentials to Venezuelan Vice President

    Turkmen Ambassador presents credentials to Venezuelan Vice President

    Thursday, 12 June 2014 22:02
  • Turkmen and British scientists work on inclusion of Badkhyz and Koytendag in the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites

    Turkmen and British scientists work on inclusion of Badkhyz and Koytendag in the UNESCO List of...

    Saturday, 31 May 2014 12:42

UNDP projects boosts efforts in the field of climate change and water management in Turkmenistan

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UNDP projects boosts efforts in the field of climate change and water management in TurkmenistanWater scarcity and its quality, as well as efficient management of available water resources are among the most critical issues to be addressed for sustainable development of Turkmenistan.

The National Climate Change Strategy of Turkmenistan, adopted in 2012, envisages  the implementation of a whole set of activities aimed at improving the quality of irrigated lands, re-equipment of the existing irrigation systems and introducing of innovative technologies in the land and water management. In this context, the primary importance is reserved for international cooperation on the issues of rational use and protection of land and water resources, and increasing the water and land management efficiency by learning from best international practices.

The annual reserve volume of inland water resources per capita in Turkmenistan is 232.0 m3. That is the lowest in the region of Central Asia. This stresses the critical importance of the issue. Almost all surface water resources of Turkmenistan (95%) are formed outside the territory of country. At the same time, the volume of incoming water flow to Turkmenistan is determined not only by natural factors, but in a considerable manner by human economic activities. Over 90% of water resources is used for irrigation, and the area of irrigated lands comprises about 2 million hectares.

The forecast of the second National Report of Turkmenistan, prepared within the framework of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, is that in the next decade the average temperatures will rise, and water resources will get noticeably reduced. Therefore, the improvement of water management in Turkmenistan, within the context of climate change, should be based primarily on the rational use and protection of water resources used in irrigated agriculture. It is especially important that the industry, communal services and other sectors of the national economy are developing rapidly, and their future needs for water resources will be satisfied at the expense of reducing of water consumption in agriculture.

UNDP has been providing policy and technical support to the government’s endeavors for improving water management within the project of “Addressing climate change risks to farming systems in Turkmenistan at national and community levels” (AF project) by Adaptation Fund/UNDP/Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan and the UNDP Regional project on "Climate Risk Management in Central Asia" (CRM project). The two projects adopt the approach to combine the demonstration of community-based water efficiency measures and providing policy advisory of improving national water legislation, in order to ensure the sustainability of the project results.

Three pilot districts were selected for demonstration of community-based water-efficient and climate-resilient projects. The pilots are located in three different geographic areas representing three typical agro-ecological areas of the country - mountains, desert and oasis (irrigated agriculture area). In the pilot districts, located in mountainous and desert areas, adaptation activities include harvesting and storage of the surface runoff waters being formed by atmospheric precipitation and gathered using traditional water collection technics. The pilot area located in the oasis represents lands with a wide irrigation and drainage networks. Water supply of this region depends on river waters, which in turn depend on the level of water content of the year.

All pilot districts are different in terms of water supply and types of agricultural production. That is the reason why the implementation of these projects envisages strengthening the capacity building at all levels, implementation of measures to ensure awareness of the importance of problems, and improvement of water management practices considering current and forecasted changes in climate.

Activities were carried out for climate risk and vulnerability assessment at community level in three pilot areas. With the participation of the relevant stakeholders the needs of communities in rural areas in adaptation and mitigation measures were identified and the relevant investment plans were developed.

Drilling two wells, construction of new and renovation of the existing dams and reservoirs, implementing activities for protection and rational use of spring waters, introduction and enhancement of drip irrigation for growing vegetables and fruits, as well as improvement of the soil fertility on the basis of production and use of compost and bio-humus are envisaged in the pilot mountainous area. It is also planned to carry out works aimed at reforestation for the purposes of combating soil erosion in the water harvesting area.

In the desert zone it is planned to construct new wells and conduct overall renovation of the existing ones, also to construct underground water storage reservoirs (sardobs) made of concrete or reinforced concrete, and rain pits (kakov), to clean and reconstruct surface takyrs (natural water harvesting areas) with the purpose to increase the volume of runoff waters formed by atmospheric precipitation. Fixation of sands and afforestation of moving sand dunes are planned to protect local houses and infrastructure from moving sands.

A significant amount of adaptation measures is planned in the pilot area of irrigated agriculture. In this pilot area, it was planned to carry out a whole set of hydraulic and agro-ameliorative activities including construction of new and reconstruction of existing drainage systems in the farms and those shared among the farms, construction of regulation facilities for in-farm irrigation systems, planning of the irrigated lands by application of laser technology means, establishment of field protection belts to provide microclimate and biological drainage for more efficient use of irrigation waters. The implementation of these and other adaptation and mitigation measures will contribute to a more rational use of water (reducing its consumption per unit of cultivated product), and in general, provide the required productivity of irrigated fields, and satisfy the requirements for environmental safety.

In 2014, taking into account the specifics of pilot areas, the CRM project plans to introduce new innovative technologies and train local farmers and specialists on their use by inviting leading specialists from peer and other countries. The need in such technologies was identified in the course of discussions of project experts with farmers, specialists and representatives of local communities. In this regard, there were planned the procurement of a laser land leveler and inviting the specialists to train the farmers on laser land leveling in an irrigated agriculture area; introduction of mini-greenhouses for individual households; training on modern agro-technical methods for fruit trees’ cultivation in mountainous areas; installment of a drip irrigation system in the local school yard along with a training on water saving technologies and growing agricultural crops in the desert areas. Eventually, the implementation of the CRM project activities will create enabling environment for rendering consultation services and expert assessment of the adaptation activities planned under the AF project.

Within the framework of AF project, adaptation activities to address the needs of local communities were planned in consultations with community representatives, experts and farmers. At the policy level, a series of consultations, round tables, seminars and workshops on climate change, selection of adaptation measures, and application of innovative and resource-saving technologies for crop production were conducted to raise awareness of ministries and agencies, and local land and water users. Policy options on water legislation improvement with respect to climate change, socio-economic aspects of water resources management, and participation of water users at community levels were discussed with relevant government institutions to contribute to the on-going process of revision of the Water Code and its related protocols.

The activities of two projects are envisaged to contribute significantly to efficient use of water resources and ensuring the participation of stakeholders at all levels through introducing best international practices.

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