World No Tobacco Day was marked in Turkmenistan. As the Turkmenistan.ru correspondent reports from Ashgabat, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control has become one of the most widely recognized conventions in the UN history. Turkmenistan joined the Convention in spring 2011.
It should be recalled that Turkmenistan took active part in the development of this international instrument, and Turkmenistan's experience was not only widely used in its preparation but also repeatedly recommended for replication in other countries.
For example, the Convention emphasizes the need for a ban on tobacco advertising that was introduced in Turkmenistan under the State Program “Health.” Turkmenistan's position in this matter as well as Turkmenistan’s ban on promotion of sales and sponsorship of tobacco companies have been recognized by WHO member states as exemplary for other countries.
In addition, the fundamental provisions of the Convention relate to protection of children and adolescents from exposure and tobacco consumption, prevention and treatment of tobacco addiction, promoting establishment of tobacco free zones, knowledge and exchange of information at national and international levels, protection of vulnerable groups and others.
Turkmenistan was one of the first in the CIS to begin fighting the use of tobacco products by introducing high fine in 2000 for smoking in public places.
On December 25, 2013, Turkmenistan enacted the law “On protection of peoples’ health from exposure to tobacco smoke and consequences of tobacco use.”
The law prohibits tobacco use in parks, squares, beaches, public catering enterprises, consumer services facilities, shopping facilities, in the territories and areas of cultural and educational institutions, in the premises of public organizations, local governments, enterprises, organizations and institutions regardless of the form of their ownership.
Advertising of tobacco products in all forms and all types in the mass media and trading has been banned completely. It is also prohibited to distribute tobacco products to the public free of charge, including in the form of gifts, as well as any price discounts for cigarettes, etc.
According to the law, the government of Turkmenistan will provide appropriate medical care for persons in need of treatment and consequences of tobacco products consumption.
© TURKMENISTAN.RU, 2014