Human development progress in developing countries of Europe & Central Asia has slowed, and the region continues to face significant socioeconomic and environmental challenges, according to the 2014 Human Development Report released today by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The report indicates growing figures for Human development index of Turkmenistan, which stands on top in the list of countries with medium human development index. The report also reveals that the country enjoys relatively high equality of education, health and living standards.
Entitled Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience, the Report, released in Tokyo today by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark and Human Development Report Office Director Khalid Malik, provides a human development perspective on vulnerability and proposes ways to strengthen resilience.
The report analyzes life cycle vulnerabilities and identifies moments in life (e.g., early childhood, old age) in which shocks can have greater impact. It also explores structural vulnerabilities – those that persist and compound over time as a result of discrimination and institutional failings to the disadvantage of groups such as ethnic minorities, the disabled and the long-term unemployed.
Social exclusion and structural vulnerabilities remain a challenge for Europe and Central Asia. Many developing countries in the region report low access to social services and social protection. Ethnic minorities like the Roma, as well as people with disabilities, the long-term unemployed, migrants, and residents of isolated rural and mountainous areas are especially vulnerable to development setbacks.