"Human Development Report - 2014", published by UNDP shows the growth of the human development index of Turkmenistan

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«Доклад о человеческом развитии - 2014», опубликованный ПРООН свидетельствует о росте индекса человеческого развития в Туркменистане

Human development progress in developing countries of Europe & Central Asia has slowed, and the region continues to face significant socioeconomic and environmental challenges, according to the 2014 Human Development Report released today by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The report indicates growing figures for Human development index of Turkmenistan, which stands on top in the list of countries with medium human development index. The report also reveals that the country enjoys relatively high equality of education, health and living standards.

Entitled Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience, the Report, released in Tokyo today by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark and Human Development Report Office Director Khalid Malik, provides a human development perspective on vulnerability and proposes ways to strengthen resilience.

The report analyzes life cycle vulnerabilities and identifies moments in life (e.g., early childhood, old age) in which shocks can have greater impact. It also explores structural vulnerabilities – those that persist and compound over time as a result of discrimination and institutional failings to the disadvantage of groups such as ethnic minorities, the disabled and the long-term unemployed.

Social exclusion and structural vulnerabilities remain a challenge for Europe and Central Asia. Many developing countries in the region report low access to social services and social protection. Ethnic minorities like the Roma, as well as people with disabilities, the long-term unemployed, migrants, and residents of isolated rural and mountainous areas are especially vulnerable to development setbacks.

Because of its geography, the region is also vulnerable to natural disasters, especially earthquakes. A large earthquake in or near a major population centre could result in a humanitarian disaster, damage to regional infrastructure, significant refugee flows, and increased strain on often limited state capacity and social cohesion. Forecasts point to significant climate risks, ranging from threats of drought in Central Asia and the Caucasus, to increased risks of flooding in coastal areas in the Adriatic, Black, and Caspian Sea basins. As the report points out, those suffering from social exclusion tend to be the most vulnerable to these events when they occur.

 “In middle-income countries, progress in sustainable development and poverty reduction requires reductions in inequalities, vulnerabilities, and exclusion, as well as better management of disaster and climate risks”, noted Cihan Sultanoglu, director of UNDP’s Regional Bureau for Europe and CIS. “This is particularly the case for the developing economies of Europe and Central Asia—many of which are still struggling to recover from the global financial crisis.” 

The 2014 Human Development Report calls for a commitment to full employment as a policy goal, the universal provision of basic social services, strengthened social protection, and better global coordination in shoring up resilience to vulnerabilities that are increasingly global in origin and impact. This report comes at a critical time for global development, as attention turns to the creation of a new post-2015 development agenda.

Based on the UNDP Press Release.


Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian region

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Turkmenistan signs MoU with IRU on creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and Caspian regionH.E. Esen Aydogdyev, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Turkmenistan to the UN Office in Geneva today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) withIRU Secretary General, Umberto de Pretto, on the creation of a Model Highway in Central Asia and the Caspian region.  

They notably exchanged views and agreed on next steps to prepare for the upcoming High-level International Conference on “The role of transport and transit corridors”, organised by the Government of Turkmenistan in partnership with the UNECE, UNESCAP and IRU, and scheduled to take place from 3 to 4 September in Ashgabat.


Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

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Ashgabat hosts two days International conference on migration and statelessness

The International Conference on Migration and Statelessness: Identifying Challenges and the Way Forward organized by the Government of Turkmenistan jointly with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and International Organization for Migration (IOM) took place in Ashgabat on 23-24 June 2014. The representatives of 32 countries and 16 international organizations participated at the Forum. 

The participants of the conference in their statements highlighted the importance of conducting the result-oriented measures including the legal reforms and international cooperation for the solution of the pressing issues in the field of migration and statelessness. The reports touched upon the issues related to the identification of the practical measures on implementation of the program on migration and statelessness set forth in the high-level dialogue on UN International Migration and Development issue held in 2013 and Regional Conference on prevention and reduction of Statelessness and protection of the stateless citizens in Central Asia held in 2009.

During the plenary sessions on 24 June the following issues were considered:  the decision of the existing statelessness situations through the legal and policy reforms and campaigns on granting the citizenship; prevention of the new situations of statelessness through legislative, political and administrative reforms; successful approaches of identifying the statelessness; development of national frameworks for protection of the stateless persons; partnership and multilateral approaches.


In the final session of the conference it was summed up and adopted "Statement of Co-Chairs of the International Conference on Migration and Statelessness: identifying challenges and way forward," where the importance of continuation of the efforts to develop and implement the policies related to the migration in accordance with human rights norms and obligations on national, regional and international levels were stressed. Noting that statelessness is one of the main global challenges of the 21st century, the participants evaluated the efforts of UNHCR in raising public awareness related on the issues related to the statelessness and their decision. The participants of the forum expressed their confidence that the conference will contribute to the strengthening of multilateral cooperation in the field of international protection of migrants, refugees and stateless persons.

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